The state of the adult social care sector and workforce in England 2018

Monday, September 24, 2018

Skills for Care released their 2018, The state of the adult social care sector and workforce in England today.

This annual report offers comprehensive workforce characteristics about the entire adult social care workforce in England such as age, gender, ethnicty and specific job role information.

Key findings of the report:

  • 1.6 Million people now work in the social care sector.
  • 21% increase in the size of the workforce in this sector since 2009.
  • The number of jobs increased by around 1.2% (by 19,000 jobs) between 2016 and 2017. This rate of increase was slower than in previous years.
  • Care Workers average hourly pay in the independent sector increased by 5.2% (39p) between 2016/17 and 2017/18 to £7.89.
  • The adult social care sector was estimated to contribute £38.5 billion per annum to the economy in England. The total wage bill of the sector, calculated using NMDS-SC information, accounted for around half of this amount at £19.4 billion in 2017/18 (up 17% from 2011/12).
  • A quarter of the workforce (25%) were on a zero-hours contract (335,000 jobs).
  • The staff turnover rate was 30.7%, equivalent to around 390,000 leavers in the previous 12 months. Many of these leavers move to other roles within the sector as 67% of recruitment is from within adult social care.
  • Adult social care has an experienced 'core' of workers. Workers had, on average, 8.2 years of experience in the sector.
  • The vacancy rate was 8.0%, equivalent to around 110,000 vacancies at any given time. The majority of these vacancies (76,000) were care workers.
  • A fifth of all workers (320,000 jobs) were aged over 55 years old.
  • The majority (83%) of the adult social care workforce were British, 8% (104,000 jobs) had an EU nationality and 10% (130,000 jobs) a non-EU nationality. 
  • According to the Government’s “EU Settlement Scheme: statement of intent” the rights of EU citizens living in the UK will not change until after 31st December 2020.

You can read the full report on Skills for Care website here.  


Working from offices in Hanley, Walsall and Telford, Cream Health Care is a name that is synonymous with Health & Social Care recruitment throughout Staffordshire, Shropshire and the West Midlands. Established in 2009 we have become the first choice Health & Social Care Agency for job seekers and employers throughout the region.

To contact the Cream Team about recruitment send an e-mail to:  or call: 01782 261552.